French: Autour des palombes German: Habicht Spanish: Azor común
Subspecies and Distribution
A. g. gentilis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Eurasian Goshawk – Europe (except NE & SE) and N Morocco.
A. g. buteoides
(Menzbier, 1882) – extreme N Eurasia from N Sweden E to R Lena; winters S to C Europe and C Asia.
A. g. albidus
(Menzbier, 1882) – NE Siberia to Kamchatka.
A. g. schvedowi
(Menzbier, 1882) – S Urals E to NE China, Amurland, Sakhalin and Kuril Is, S to Himalayas and C China; winters S to SE & E Asia.
A. g. fujiyamae
(Swann & E. J. O. Hartert, 1923) – Japan.
A. g. arrigonii
(O. Kleinschmidt, 1903) – Corsica and Sardinia.
A. g. marginatus
Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783 – Italy and Balkans E to Caucasus and N Iran.
A. g. atricapillus
(A. Wilson, 1812) – American Goshawk – North America from Alaska E across C Canada to N Quebec, Labrador and Newfoundland, S to SW USA (N Arizona and N New Mexico) and, in E USA, to Wisconsin, W Virginia and Maryland.
A. g. laingi
(Taverner, 1940) – Queen Charlotte Is and Vancouver I (British Columbia), in W Canada.
A. g. apache
van Rossem, 1938 – SW USA (Arizona, SW New Mexico) and W Mexico (to Jalisco and Guerrero).
46–63 cm; male 517–1110 g, 677–1010 g (gentilis, atricapillus), female 820–2200 g, 758–1210 g (gentilis, ... read more
Near nest, adults give series of loud chattering notes: "kek-kek-kek-kek-kek...." Begging juveniles... read more
Mature woods, particularly coniferous, but also deciduous or mixed coniferous-deciduous; mostly... read more
Food and feeding
Small and medium-sized birds and mammals, up to size of grouse, even capercaillies and hares; other vertebrates normally of minor... read more
Laying from early Apr–early Jun. Solitary; neighbouring pairs normally several kilometres apart, rarely less than 1 km. Nests in... read more
Mainly sedentary; partially migratory in northernmost populations of North America, Fennoscandia... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Significant decline in Europe during 19th century and part of 20th, mainly due to persecution and deforestation; subsequent... read more
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