French: Hirondelle de fenêtre German: Mehlschwalbe Spanish: Avión común occidental
Other common names:
Common House Martin
Subspecies and Distribution
D. u. urbicum
(Linnaeus, 1758) – W, C & N Europe E to W Siberia; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa.
D. u. meridionale
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1910) – S Europe, N Africa and WC Asia (E to W Mongolia, Tien Shan and Kashmir); winters Africa and SW Asia.
13–14 cm; 10·3–23 g; wingspan 26–29 cm. Male breeding has glossy blue crown and back, white rump, sometimes white feather bases showing on hindcrown... read more
Song is a soft twittering; calls include a shrill contact call “prt” or longer “... read more
Open areas, coastal cliffs, cultivation, and human habitations, including towns and cities; in... read more
Food and feeding
Almost entirely insects, predominantly small ones. Diet in S England (mainly nestlings) 60% flies (Diptera), 18% aphids (Homoptera), 11%... read more
Lays from May in NW & C Europe, end May–Jun in N & NE Europe; starts Mar–May in S Spain and N Africa; Jun–Jul in... read more
Migratory. Forms flocks of several hundreds or thousands after breeding. Main migration periods... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common and widespread, but numbers fluctuate locally. In Europe, population stable overall but some recent declines, e.g. in region... read more
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