Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Near Threatened

Northern Mealy Amazon (Amazona guatemalae)


French: Amazone guatémaltèque German: Guatemalaamazone Spanish: Amazona harinosa norteña

Chrysotis guatemalæ

P. L. Sclater

, 1860,

Guatemala and Honduras = Honduras


Until recently was considered conspecific with A. farinosa, but differs in its yellow vs red lower carpal edge (2); blue-suffused (or blue) crown with broader, more heavily scaled nape feathers forming frequently or usually ruffled ruff or cape (3); blackish vs pale bill (2); black bristles on nares more extensive, and black shaft streaks on face (lores to below eye) (ns[1]); less powdery plumage (ns[1]); more oblong, less circular and slightly less broad white eye-patch (mensural score: allow 1). This split is supported by molecular analysis#R. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. g. guatemalae (P. L. Sclater, 1860) – SE Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to NW Honduras.
  • A. g. virenticeps (Salvadori, 1891) – NW Honduras (Sula Valley) to W Panama (W Chiriquí, W Bocas del Toro).
  • Descriptive notes

    38–40 cm. Formerly considered conspecific with A. farinosa. Large, mainly green parrot with large white eyering: head green, becoming duller on nape and upperparts,... read more


    No known differences between this species and A. farinosa.


    Principally found in dense humid lowland forest, especially around clearings and edges; more rarely... read more

    Food and feeding

    No known differences from A. farinosa.


    Season Apr–May in Guatemala. Nest in hole in tree, 3–30 m up, also once in crevice in stone wall, in Mayan temple. Eggs typically three,... read more


    Considered a permanent resident, Oaxaca, Mexico, and no movements reported elsewhere in species’... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Population believed to be declining, but no estimates of numbers. In Mexico, rather scarce in state... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Northern Mealy Amazon (Amazona guatemalae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).