French: Cassenoix moucheté German: Tannenhäher Spanish: Cascanueces norteño
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
N. c. caryocatactes
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Europe (S Fennoscandia S to SE France, N Italy, Bulgaria and N Greece, E to Ural Mts).
N. c. macrorhynchos
C. L. Brehm, 1823 – from Urals E in Siberia to Anadyrland, Kamchatka and Sakhalin, S to the Altai, N Mongolia, NE China and Korea.
N. c. japonica
E. J. O. Hartert, 1897 – S & C Kurils and N Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu and Kyushu).
N. c. rothschildi
E. J. O. Hartert, 1903 – Tien Shan from SE Kazakhstan (Dzhungarskiy Alatau) S to C Kyrgyzstan (Talasskiy Alatau) and extreme NW China (W Xinjiang).
32–35 cm; 124–220 g; wingspan 52–59 cm. A medium-sized, rather broad-winged and short-tailed corvid with distinctively spotted plumage (but looks dark at... read more
Generally silent outside breeding season, but quite vocal from late winter onwards (breeds early).... read more
Coniferous forest and mixed conifer and birch (Betula) forest where conifers predominate;... read more
Food and feeding
Main food throughout much of year and in much of range is pine nuts, especially those of Siberian pine; consumes also seeds of various... read more
Breeding commences even when deep snow on ground; egg-laying begins third week of Mar in Sweden, even earlier in C Europe, where two... read more
Most populations basically resident, but some, especially when hoarding hazelnuts for winter, move... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common. Throughout its vast range a relatively conspicuous bird, but remoteness of its habitat gives false impression of... read more
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