French: Moucherolle des palétuviers German: Karibikstrauchtyrann Spanish: Mosquero matorralero norteño
Elaïnea [sic] arenarum
Punta Arenas, Costa Rica
Subspecies and Distribution
S. a. arenarum
(Salvin, 1863) – Central American Scrub-flycatcher – Pacific slope of Costa Rica (Gulf of Nicoya, Golfo Dulce) and Panama (W Darién, Coiba I, Pearl Is).
S. a. atrirostris
(Lawrence, 1871) – N Colombia (Sucre and Bolívar to La Guajira).
S. a. glaber
P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868 – Caribbean Scrub-flycatcher – N coast of Venezuela (including Margarita I and Patos I), Trinidad (including islands of Chacachacare and Monos) and N parts of the Guianas.
S. a. pallens
J. T. Zimmer, 1941 – Leeward Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire).
S. a. tortugensis
Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1946 – Tortuga I, off N Venezuela.
S. a. orinocensis
J. T. Zimmer, 1941 – C Orinoco Valley in E Colombia (E Meta to Arauca and Vichada) and C Venezuela (Apure E to N Bolívar).
13–15 cm; 10·5–15 g. Nominate race has narrow whitish supercilium, greyish-brown crown and upperparts; wings dusky grey, paler greyish to whitish wingbars... read more
Dawn song a loud, repeated “pfweéé”; also widely spaced “phew!-dit... read more
Mangroves and adjacent vegetation, including scrubby second growth. In N Venezuela (glaber... read more
Food and feeding
Food arthropods, including ants (Hymentoptera), caterpillars (Lepidoptera), small beetles (Coleoptera); small berries also frequently taken... read more
Mar–Jun; stub-tailed young in Aug, Colombia. Nest a simple cup, 7·5 cm × 4 cm, placed 2–6 m up in fork of small... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common. In Panama, most abundant near coast and fairly common on several islands and in the Tocumen area; especially... read more
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