Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Northern Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)


French: Grimpar tacheté German: Tropfenbaumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos manchado norteño

Dendrornis erythropygia

P. L. Sclater

, 1860,

Veracruz and Oaxaca = Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico


Sister (with X. aequatorialis) to X. triangularis (which see). Hitherto considered conspecific with X. aequatorialis (which see). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. e. erythropygius (P. L. Sclater, 1860) – highlands of C & S Mexico (extreme SE San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo S to C Oaxaca, also Guerrero).
  • X. e. parvus Griscom, 1937 – S Mexican highlands (extreme SE Oaxaca, Chiapas) and extreme NW El Salvador S to NC Nicaragua; also locally in S Belize.
  • Descriptive notes

    19–24 cm; male 46·5–52 g, female 43·1–45·2 g. Medium-sized woodcreeper with bill relatively long, slightly decurved and gradually... read more


    Relatively vocal. Song, given intermittently, mostly at dawn and dusk (less frequently during day... read more


    Humid forest in both lowlands and upper elevations. Chiefly in montane evergreen forest,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet and foraging behaviour poorly known, and largely on basis of circumstantial observations, but appear generally similar to those of its... read more


    Almost nothing known; birds in breeding condition in Apr in S Mexico (Oaxaca) and Dec in Guatemala.



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common or locally common in humid foothill and lower montane forests throughout range; decidedly scarce or absent... read more

    Recommended citation

    Marantz, C.A., Aleixo, A., Bevier, L.R., Patten, M.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Northern Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).