Lagunillas, Boyacá, Colombia.
Hitherto treated as conspecific with G. quitensis and G. atuensis, but differs in its slightly smaller size with clearly smaller bill (at least 1), browner (less olive) upperparts (1), and distinctive voice (see G. atuensis for species-level difference in call), having a four-note vs three-note song with short pauses between last three notes (4) resulting in a rhythmic phrase, and reaching lower overall (vs quitensis) or maximum (vs atuensis) frequencies (1)#R; in playback experiments#R, present species and G. quitensis didn’t respond to the songs of the other members of the complex. Monotypic.
E Andes of Colombia (NE Santander S to Cundinamarca).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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