Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Northern Tropical Pewee (Contopus bogotensis)


French: Moucherolle de Bonaparte German: Waldschnäppertyrann Spanish: Pibí tropical norteño

T[yrannula]. bogotensis


, 1850,

“Bogotá”, Colombia


Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. cinereus and usually also C. punensis, but differs from both in its distinctive song with many more (3) and much shorter (3) notes#R; yellowish vs whitish belly (1); and further from C. cinereus in its much more obvious white throat (2) and less extensive grey underparts (1), and from C. punensis in its darker breastband (1) and darker crown (1). Five subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. b. brachytarsus (P. L. Sclater, 1859) – S Mexico (from N Oaxaca, S Veracruz and Yucatán, including Cozumel I) S to Panama (W of Darién Gap).
  • C. b. rhizophorus (Dwight & Griscom, 1924) – Guanacaste, in NW Costa Rica.
  • C. b. aithalodes Wetmore, 1957 – Coiba I, off S Panama.
  • C. b. bogotensis (Bonaparte, 1850) – N & E Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad, and extreme S Venezuela (S Amazonas) and adjacent NW Brazil.
  • C. b. surinamensis F. P. Penard & A. P. Penard, 1910 – C Venezuela (NW Bolívar), the Guianas and NE Brazil (Amapá to Marajó I).
  • Descriptive notes

    12–14·5 cm; 8–14 g. Peaked crown with slight crest; dark sooty grey above and below; two indistinct paler wingbars, grey throat, tiny area of white on central belly and... read more


    Calls vary geographically: in Venezuela and most of range a short trilled “seerip”, “tre’e’e’e” or... read more


    Borders of dry to moist forest, woodland (including pines in some areas), gallery forest, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, including small hymenopterans, coleopterans, lepidopterans, dipterans. Usually observed alone or in pairs. Searches from exposed... read more


    Season May–Jun in Oaxaca (Mexico), Mar–Jun in Costa Rica, Feb–Mar, Jun and Nov in Panama, Mar–May in NC Venezuela, Mar and May–Jul in... read more


    Mainly resident; migratory in extreme N and extreme S. In Mexico, most birds breeding from Chiapas... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon (e.g. in Oaxaca, SW Mexico) to locally common (e.g. in parts of N Colombia and N Venezuela). Occurs in many national parks... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Northern Tropical Pewee (Contopus bogotensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).