French: Paruline des ruisseaux German: Drosselwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita charquera norteña
J. F. Gmelin
Louisiana and New York, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. n. notabilis
(Ridgway, 1881) – Alaska and NW Canada S to NW USA (EC Oregon to extreme NW Wyoming), and E to N Ontario and Great Lakes. Winters in Mexico (from S Baja California, Sonora and Tamaulipas) S through Central America and Caribbean to N South America.
P. n. limnaea
(McCabe & A. H. Miller, 1933) – C British Columbia (W Canada).
P. n. noveboracensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SE Canada (E Ontario E to Newfoundland) and NE USA (S to N West Virginia). Winters to Central America, Caribbean and N South America.
12·5–14 cm; 13·8–24·4 g. Distinctive parulid; constantly bobs tail up and down in characteristic manner. Nominate race has head and... read more
Song begins with 3–4 short but loud emphatic notes and ends with downslurred flourish; can be... read more
Breeds in wide variety of woodlands, and in willow (Salix) and alder (Alnus)... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods, molluscs and small crustaceans; occasionally takes small fish such as minnows (Leuciscinae),... read more
Season May–Aug, egg-laying May–Jul. Nest a cup of grass, twigs, leaves and moss, lined with hair and blossom, placed low down... read more
Long-distance migrant; wintering grounds of this species in Middle America, Caribbean and N South... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common throughout range. Study at Long Point, in Ontario, indicated steady decline in recent years; Breeding Bird Surveys... read more
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