French: Traquet motteux German: Steinschmätzer Spanish: Collalba gris
Subspecies and Distribution
O. o. leucorhoa
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – NE Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen and Faroe Is; non-breeding W Africa (mainly S Mauritania, Senegambia and C & S Mali).
O. o. oenanthe
(Linnaeus, 1758) – N & C Europe and N Asia (S to N Kazakhstan and L Baikal) E to E Siberia (Chukotka) and NW North America (Alaska, NW Canada); non-breeding mainly Africa S of Sahara (S to N & E Zambia and Malawi), with small numbers in Morocco.
O. o. libanotica
(Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) – S Europe, Asia Minor, Levant, Transcaucasia, N & C Iran, Turkmenistan, N Afghanistan, Tien Shan, Mongolia, S Transbaikalia and N China (Xinjiang E to Shanxi); non-breeding mainly Africa S of Sahara.
14·5–15·5 cm; 18–33 g (pre-migration leucorhoa up to 41 g). Breeding male nominate race is pale grey from crown to back, with black wings,... read more
Song, by male (also in winter quarters, usually subsong), from perch or in flight at 15–30 m... read more
Breeds in open ground mixing bare rocky areas (foraging perches, nesting substrate) and short herb... read more
Food and feeding
Arthropods, mainly insects (predominantly beetles and ants, latter especially in hotter areas) taken on ground, supplemented by other... read more
Early May to Jun in C & S Europe, early/mid-Apr to end Jul or early Aug in NW Europe, late May and Jun in Iceland, and early May or mid... read more
Migrant, with remarkable capacity for long-distance travel, and possibly geographically widest... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common throughout range; fairly common in N & NW China. Total wintering in Africa, thus representing global population... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!