Santo Domingo, Nicaragua.
Hitherto treated as conspecific with M. torquata, although long suspected to be specifically distinct#R#R; differs in its darker overall coloration, affecting all colours (notably deeper rufous, more chestnut on throat, breast and vent, richer buff wing markings, darker brown crown, darker grey belly) (2); reduced or absent white-scaled pattern on neck sides and mid-breast, with undersides plainer (2); less extensive black (male) and rufous (female) on throat and breast (1); pale margins of wing markings broader, more emphatic, making wingband much more obvious (ns); marginally longer bill (effect size 1, score 1); shorter tail (effect size −1.84, score 1); minor differences in song, with highest number of notes (1) and highest frequency (1)#R. Monotypic.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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