Family Bustards (Otididae)

Near Threatened

Nubian Bustard (Neotis nuba)


French: Outarde nubienne German: Nubiertrappe Spanish: Avutarda núbica

Otis Nuba


, 1826,

Kurgos, near Shendi, Sudan


May be closely related to N. heuglinii. Proposed race agaze (Mauritania E to Chad) supposedly paler and smaller, but further examination required to confirm that differences are not clinal or individual. Monotypic.


Sahel zone from W Mauritania to E Sudan; distribution probably continuous, or at least with interbreeding populations, even though species very patchily recorded.

Descriptive notes

Male 70 cm, 5400 g; female 50 cm, no data on weight. Upperparts pale tawny buff, lightly vermiculated with black, tail similar but washed grey; crown as back, bordered by... read more


Little known. Gives a shrill 'magur' call.


Arid and semi-arid scrub and savanna on desert fringes, penetrating further N into Sahara than... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates and vegetable matter: Orthoptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, etc.; leaves and berries of desert plants, grass seeds and ... read more


Jul–Oct; the finding of 3 nests in one day in Aug suggests synchronized response to suitable conditions (as well as degree of local... read more


Sedentary and almost certainly nomadic; in Mauritania, tends to move S in winter, returning N with... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Suspected to be undergoing moderately rapid population decline owing to intense hunting in parts... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Nubian Bustard (Neotis nuba). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).