Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Nusa Tenggara Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone floris)


French: Tchitrec de la Sonde German: Sundaparadiesschnäpper Spanish: Monarca del paraíso de Flores

Terpsiphone floris


, 1894,

Reo, Flores


Until recently considered conspecific with T. paradisi, T. incei and T. affinis, but molecular study#R suggests otherwise. Differs from T. incei in characters given under that species. From T. affinis in its longer and broader crest (at least 1); longer, more graduated tail in female (2); lack of red morph in male (1); whiter (unmarked) mantle and more extensive white in primaries in male (2); paler upperparts (cinnamon vs rufous) in female (1). From T. paradisi in its shorter crest (2); smaller bill (allow 2); longer tail in female (at least 2); and buff vs white vent (2). Two subspecies currently recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. f. floris Büttikofer, 1894 – Sumbawa, Flores, Adonara#R, Besar, Lembata, Pantar#R and Alor (Lesser Sundas).
  • T. f. sumbaensis A. B. Meyer, 1894 – Sumba I (Lesser Sundas).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male c. 22–25 cm (excluding elongated central rectrices, which project up to 30 cm or more beyond others); female 20 cm. Male (both races) occurs only as white morph, which... read more


    Poorly documented, but considered to be similar to T. affinis. Song a series of upslurred... read more


    Forest and forest edge, below 1300 m, but generally seen at lower elevations from sea-level up to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Limited information. Diet likely to be much like that of e.g. T. affinis. Forages singly or in pairs; joins mixed-species flocks.... read more


    Few data. Nests with eggs found on Flores in Oct–Dec and in Mar. Nest apparently undescribed. Clutch size apparently 2–3, size 20·4–21·7 mm... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: confined to the Northern Nusa Tenggara EBA. Scarce to fairly common. Although this species’ global... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Nusa Tenggara Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone floris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2019).