Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

Oahu Alauahio (Paroreomyza maculata)


French: Alauahio d’Oahu German: Oahuastläufer Spanish: Alauahio de Oahu

Himatione maculata


, 1851,





Oahu, in Hawaiian Is. Last confirmed record in 1968; possibly extinct#R.

Descriptive notes

11 cm. A small parulid-like passerine with short, straight bill. Male is yellow-green above, yellow below; forehead and supercilium yellow, lores black, postocular stripe... read more


Loud "chirk" or "chip", similar to calls of P. montana. Song apparently unknown.


Mesic to wet forests with dense undergrowth, including non-indigenous kukui (Aleurites... read more

Food and feeding

Not well documented. Diet includes insects, gleaned from surface or from beneath bark, and sap, taken from fluxes. Forages higher in canopy... read more


Little known. Season Jan–Jun. Two nests described; an open cup of twigs, lichens and moss, bound with spider silk and egg cases,... read more


Apparently sedentary, except for wandering by post-breeding flocks.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Formerly widespread, and common in late 1890s, but by 1900... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Oahu Alauahio (Paroreomyza maculata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).