Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Ocellated Piculet (Picumnus dorbignyanus)


French: Picumne de d’Orbigny German: Orbignyzwergspecht Spanish: Carpinterito boliviano

Picumnus d’Orbignyanus


, 1845,

no locality = Bolivia


Apparently as result of perpetuated error, species name has almost universally been misspelt as dorbygnianus, but in original description d’Orbigny’s name correctly spelt. Closely related to P. cirratus and P. temminckii, and has sometimes been treated as conspecific with former or with both. Interbreeds with former and with P. albosquamatus. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. d. jelskii Taczanowski, 1882 – Andes of E Peru (S Huánuco to Cuzco).
  • P. d. dorbignyanus Lafresnaye, 1845 – C Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz) and extreme NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta).
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; 9·8–11 g (two males). Relatively pale-looking. Male has top of head black, crown feathers tipped red, hindcrown and nape spotted white; buffish-white... read more


    High-pitched trill, similar to that of P. cirratus.


    Humid tropical and subtropical montane and submontane forest with many epiphytes; also tall bushes... read more

    Food and feeding

    No details available on diet. Usually observed singly or in pairs; often accompanies mixed-species flocks. Commonly hangs upside-down on... read more


    No definite information; probably breeds before Dec.


    Presumably resident; possibly some vertical movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon and local in Peru, but quite common in some places (e.g. between Aguas Calientes and Mandor Valley); probably uncommon to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Ocellated Piculet (Picumnus dorbignyanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).