French: Engoulevent ocellé German: Augennachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras ocelado
Subspecies and Distribution
N. o. lautus
W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925 – E Honduras, NE Nicaragua and NW Costa Rica (where status uncertain). Recorded also in Panama (Canal Zone).
N. o. ocellatus
(Tschudi, 1844) – CS Colombia, NE Ecuador and E Peru to E & S Brazil, and S through Bolivia and Paraguay to NE Argentina.
20–21 cm; male 35–43 g, female 29–44 g. Sexes similar. Upperparts and wing-coverts almost uniformly dark greyish brown, no nuchal collar; scapulars and some... read more
Song of male is a repetitive trilled “preeeo” or “prEEoo” (lasting 0... read more
Prefers lowland forest with open understorey and small, shady clearings; also occurs in dense... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on moths, beetles, cockroaches (including Blattidae), katydids (including Tertigoniidae) and fireflies (including Lampyridae).... read more
Poorly documented. Possibly breeds Mar–Apr in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, Dec in E Ecuador, and Aug, Sept–Nov in Peru; a female... read more
None recorded. Sedentary.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. As a forest inhabitant with nocturnal habits, difficult to find, e.g. not recorded in Bolivia until 1940s, possibly because of under-recording rather... read more
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