Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata)


French: Dindon ocellé German: Pfauentruthuhn Spanish: Guajolote ocelado

Meleagris ocellata


, 1820,

Gulf of Honduras


Historically classified in monotypic genus Agriocharis, but observed differences do not appear to justify this treatment. Monotypic.


SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula and E Chiapas), N Guatemala (S to N Petén) and N & W Belize. In Mexico extirpated from N Yucatán, W Campeche, E Tabasco and NE Chiapas#R.

Descriptive notes

66–102 cm; one unsexed 5525 g. Male c. 30% larger than female. Smaller, but more colourful, than M. gallopavo. Male lacks beard, but both sexes have spurs, on... read more


Displaying male performs similar body movements to M. gallopavo but accompanying... read more


Little is known concerning specific habitat requirements. Most observations made near areas... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous, feeding on ground. Grass seeds and leaves, fruits, shoots, leaves and insects commonly taken; where available, corn is... read more


Displaying begins in mid Feb and continues until mid Apr, with males tapping, gobbling and strutting, and mating apparently peaks between... read more


Seasonal movements unknown, though females move a mean 2·4 km (up to 8 km) from mating area... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Until recently considered to be threatened, in category Insufficiently Known, but now reclassified as Near Threatened. No estimates available for... read more

Recommended citation

Porter, W.F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).