Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata)


Taxonomy

French: Dindon ocellé German: Pfauentruthuhn Spanish: Guajolote ocelado
Taxonomy:

Meleagris ocellata

Cuvier

, 1820,

Gulf of Honduras

.

Historically classified in monotypic genus Agriocharis, but observed differences do not appear to justify this treatment. Monotypic.

Distribution:

SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula and E Chiapas), N Guatemala (S to N Petén) and N & W Belize. In Mexico extirpated from N Yucatán, W Campeche, E Tabasco and NE Chiapas#R.

Descriptive notes

66–102 cm; one unsexed 5525 g. Male c. 30% larger than female. Smaller, but more colourful, than M. gallopavo. Male lacks beard, but both sexes have spurs, on... read more

Voice

Displaying male performs similar body movements to M. gallopavo but accompanying... read more

Habitat

Little is known concerning specific habitat requirements. Most observations made near areas... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous, feeding on ground. Grass seeds and leaves, fruits, shoots, leaves and insects commonly taken; where available, corn is... read more

Breeding

Displaying begins in mid Feb and continues until mid Apr, with males tapping, gobbling and strutting, and mating apparently peaks between... read more

Movements

Seasonal movements unknown, though females move a mean 2·4 km (up to 8 km) from mating area... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Until recently considered to be threatened, in category Insufficiently Known, but now reclassified as Near Threatened. No estimates available for... read more

Recommended citation

Porter, W.F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53319 on 16 December 2018).