Piauí; error = mouth of Rio Madeira, Amazonas, Brazil.
Considered conspecific with X. chunchotambo by most recent authors, but the two differ morphologically and recent genetic data#R indicate that they are sister-species, with X. pardalotus basal to the pair. Race napensis treated here within X. chunchotambo, despite some suggestions that it may be closer to present species. Until recently included X. beauperthuysii (which see). Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!