Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus)


French: Grimpar ocellé German: Augenflecken-Baumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos ocelado meridional

Dendrocolaptes ocellatus


, 1824,

Piauí; error = mouth of Rio Madeira, Amazonas, Brazil


Considered conspecific with X. chunchotambo by most recent authors, but the two differ morphologically and recent genetic data#R indicate that they are sister-species, with X. pardalotus basal to the pair. Race napensis treated here within X. chunchotambo, despite some suggestions that it may be closer to present species. Until recently included X. beauperthuysii (which see). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. o. perplexus J. T. Zimmer, 1934 – W Amazonia S of Amazon, in NE Peru (E from lower R Ucayali, possibly from R Huallaga) and W Brazil (E at least to R Tefé, probably to R Purus, and S to SE Acre#R); recorded also in extreme NE Bolivia (Pando)#R.
  • X. o. ocellatus (Spix, 1824) – patchily distributed in Amazonian Brazil S of Amazon, from R Purus E to left bank of lower R Tapajós#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    20–23 cm; 24–42 g. Slim, medium-sized woodcreeper with relatively long, slim bill sharp-tipped and nearly straight. Nominate race has crown and nape dark brown,... read more


    Song, usually given only intermittently (often only few songs in a bout), primarily at dawn and... read more


    Chiefly evergreen forest. At most sites occurs in tall terra firme forest, but at some... read more

    Food and feeding

    Presumably insectivorous, but diet not described in detail. Single individuals or pairs regularly associate with mixed-species flocks of... read more


    No information.


    Presumably resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Status not well known; appears to be fairly common to common, but inconspicuous and local, throughout most of range. Believed to be... read more

    Recommended citation

    Marantz, C.A., Aleixo, A., Bevier, L.R., Patten, M.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).