Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Ochraceous Bulbul (Alophoixus ochraceus)


French: Bulbul ocré German: Ockerbauchbülbül Spanish: Bulbul ocráceo

Criniger ochraceus

F. Moore

, 1854,

Mergui, Tenasserim, Myanmar


See A. flaveolus. Until recently considered conspecific with A. ruficrissus (which see). Race sordidus erroneously listed in HBW as cabanisi, but that name is permanently invalid#R. Putative race crinitus (SW Thailand) indistinguishable from nominate; several other proposed races have been synonymized in the past and are barely distinguishable. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. o. ochraceus (F. Moore, 1854) – SW Thailand and S Myanmar (Tenasserim S of Ye).
  • A. o. sordidus (Richmond, 1900) – S Thailand and C Peninsular Malaysia.
  • A. o. sacculatus (Robinson, 1915) – S Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.
  • A. o. cambodianus (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) – SE Thailand and SW Cambodia.
  • A. o. hallae (Deignan, 1956) – S Vietnam (S Annam, N Cochinchina) and adjacent NE Cambodia.
  • A. o. sumatranus (Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1882) – W Sumatra.
  • Descriptive notes

    19–22 cm; 35·1–45·4 g (sordidus), 36·7–54 g (sacculatus). Bulky, very noisy, conspicuous bulbul with large bill,... read more


    Variety of loud, grating cackles, similar to those of A. pallidus. Commonest calls are... read more


    Broadleaf evergreen forest, either mature or regenerated back to more or less closed-canopy... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly berries and other fruit; also insects. Fruits include Phyllanthus emblica and figs (Ficus), usually swallowed... read more


    Breeds Feb–Jun. Nest a deep cup-shaped structure suspended by rim from supports, in one instance constructed from twigs and dry... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common throughout range; considered extremely common in S Myanmar. Recent sighting (Jan 2002) in NE Cambodia possibly... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fishpool, L., Tobias, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Ochraceous Bulbul (Alophoixus ochraceus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).