Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Ochraceous Conebill (Conirostrum fraseri)


French: Conirostre de Fraser German: Grauscheitel-Spitzschnabel Spanish: Conirrostro ocráceo

Conirostrum fraseri

P. L. Sclater

, 1859,

Cuenca, Ecuador


Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. cinereum, but differs in its buffy vs whitish supercilium (2); brown-grey vs pure mid-grey upperparts (2); dull ochreish vs whitish-grey (littorale) or pale grey (cinereum) throat to belly (2); longer white “speculum” at base of central primaries (ns[1]); longer tail (effect size of males vs geographically closer littorale 4.22, but for latter n=8, and vs more distant nominate 2.18, score 2). Monotypic.


Colombia in S part of C & E Andes (Cauca) S to S Ecuador.

Descriptive notes

12–12·5 cm; 10–10·4 g. Slightly larger and darker than C. cinereum. Adult has crown, cheeks, and back greyish with brownish-olive tinge, darkest on head, long... read more


Song a rapid, semi-musical jumble of twittering phrases, very similar to that of Diglossa... read more


In Andean highlands found near treeline in xeric to moderately humid zones, especially bushy... read more

Food and feeding

Food items appear to be mainly small insects. Seen singly, in pairs and in small parties (perhaps families); often with small mixed-species... read more


Nest with two unfeathered young and nestbuilding in second week of Oct, food-carrying adults seen in late Oct and fledglings in mid Jan,... read more


Mostly resident. Some local or seasonal movements likely, especially in dry treeline zones.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common in Ecuador; uncommon in Colombia. Occurs in several protected areas, including Puracé National Park (Colombia), and... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Ochraceous Conebill (Conirostrum fraseri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).