Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher (Mionectes oleagineus)


French: Pipromorphe roussâtre German: Ockerbauch-Pipratyrann Spanish: Mosquero aceitunado

M[uscicapa]. oleaginea

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1823,

Bahia, Brazil


Closely allied to M. macconnelli (with M. roraimae) and M. rufiventris; all were long placed in a separate genus, Pipromorpha, on basis of specialized outer primaries of male, but they share numerous characters (including unusual lek breeding system) with both M. striaticollis and M. olivaceus. Races fall into two groups according to plumage, the “assimilis group” and the “oleagineus group”. Variation within former sufficient to warrant recognition of several races, but obscurus (El Salvador), dyscolus (W Costa Rica and extreme W Panama) and lutescens (W Panama, including Coiba I) merged with assimilis, as they represent barely discernible intermediate forms within a broad N–S cline. Geographical variation across widespread “oleagineus group” exceedingly minor, while individual, age-specific and sexual variation considerable; proposed races intensus (SE Venezuela and W Guyana), wallacei (the Guianas, NE & E Amazonian Brazil E of R Negro; form M. turi from “Cayenne” is a synonym), chloronotus (Amazon Basin), hauxwelli (E Ecuador and NE Peru N of Amazon) and maynanus (EC Peru S to Pasco) all treated as synonyms of nominate. Molecular evidence reveals unexpected patterns of dispersal across Andes#R. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. o. assimilis P. L. Sclater, 1859 – Ochre-bellied Flycatcher – humid lowlands from S Mexico (Veracruz, N Oaxaca, Tabasco, Yucatán Peninsula) S to E Costa Rica and W Panama.
  • M. o. parcus Bangs, 1900 – E Panama (E from Canal Zone) E to N & WC Colombia (S in Cauca and Magdalena Valleys) and NW Venezuela (Zulia and W Táchira to W Trujillo).
  • M. o. abdominalis (Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1955) – N Venezuela (Yaracuy and Carabobo to Distrito Federal and Miranda SE to Cerro Negro).
  • M. o. pacificus (Todd, 1921) – W of Andes in SW Colombia (Nariño) and W Ecuador to NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • M. o. pallidiventris Hellmayr, 1906 – NE Venezuela (Sucre and N Monagas S through Delta Amacuro), Trinidad and Tobago.
  • M. o. dorsalis (Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1952) – Cerros Chimantá and Roraima, in S Venezuela.
  • M. o. oleagineus (M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823) – Oleaginous Flycatcher – E Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas and all of Amazonia S to E Ecuador, E Peru and N Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba), and in C & SE Brazil (from Mato Grosso E to Maranhão, and coastal region from Paraíba S to Rio de Janeiro).
  • Descriptive notes

    13 cm; 9–15 g (pallidiventris), 7·5–14·8 g (nominate race). Nominate race is uniform olive, tinged ochraceous, above; wings and tail... read more


    Very quiet except during breeding season, when male on lek gives endless series of high, thin, wiry... read more


    Lower growth of humid tropical lowland forest, second-growth woodland, gallery forest, and borders... read more

    Food and feeding

    Largely frugivorous, but also consumes insects and arthropods. Berries of mistletoe (Loranthaceae) especially favoured; fruits of variety... read more


    Eggs in Jun in Honduras, Mar–Aug in Costa Rica and May–Jul in Trinidad and Tobago; birds in breeding condition in Feb–Jun... read more


    Resident; local densities vary seasonally, probably according to fruit abundance. In one study,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern(. Uncommon to common, locally abundant. Occurs in numerous national parks and other protected areas throughout its range. Average home... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fitzpatrick, J., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Ochre-bellied Flycatcher (Mionectes oleagineus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 November 2019).