Family Antpittas (Grallariidae)

Near Threatened

Ochre-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris)


French: Grallaire ocrée German: Ockerbrust-Ameisenpitta Spanish: Ponchito ocráceo

Grallaria flavirostris

P. L. Sclater

, 1858,

Río Napo, Ecuador


In past, races boliviana and similis have together been treated as a separate species, but similis is close to nominate in plumage, while boliviana is simply more heavily streaked below; examination of museum specimens suggests that at least some of the “intermediate populations” in Peru between Pasco and Puno are boliviana, and there is good evidence that boliviana occurs N all the way to C Peru#R. Race zarumae also distinctive, but seemingly part of a mosaic that places it closest in plumage to costaricensis; considerable individual variation in coloration among all populations of Colombia and Ecuador, and vocal differences among all taxa appear to be slight. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. f. costaricensis Lawrence, 1866 – Costa Rica and W Panama (E to Veraguas).
  • G. f. brevis Nelson, 1912 – E Panama (E Darién).
  • G. f. ochraceiventris Chapman, 1922 – W Andes of Colombia; perhaps this race in N C Andes#R and W slope of E Andes (Serranía de los Yariguíes)#R.
  • G. f. mindoensis Chapman, 1925 – SW Colombia (Nariño) and NW Ecuador (Carchi S to Pichincha; recently recorded farther W, in Mache-Chindul Mts#R).
  • G. f. zarumae Chapman, 1922 – SW Ecuador (W Azuay, El Oro).
  • G. f. flavirostris (P. L. Sclater, 1858) – Amazonian slope in Colombia and Ecuador, and presumably also extreme N Peru.
  • G. f. similis Carriker, 1933 – Peru (S & E of R Marañón) S at least to Pasco, including Cerros del Sira in E Huánuco.
  • G. f. boliviana Chapman, 1919 – C & SE Peru (Pasco S to Puno) SE to C Bolivia (Yungas of Cochabamba).
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; male 14–17 g (brevis), 14·5–18 g (similis/boliviana), female 14–18 g (similis/boliviana). Adult... read more


    Rarely heard song 7 seconds long, an evenly paced series of c. 30 notes, over first half rising in... read more


    Undergrowth of humid and wet montane forest at 500–2750 m, mostly 900–2200 m.

    Food and feeding

    One stomach held insects. Forages alone or in pairs. Hops through thick tangled undergrowth, often clinging sideways to mossy trunks and... read more


    Female ready to lay collected in Aug in NW Ecuador (Carchi); apparent courtship feeding seen in May. Nest built mean 3·1 m up small... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common; probably overlooked. Occurs in several protected areas, e.g. La Planada Nature Reserve, Colombia, and also in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2019). Ochre-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 August 2019).