Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Ochre-naped Ground-tyrant (Muscisaxicola flavinucha)


French: Dormilon à nuque jaune German: Gelbnacken-Grundtyrann Spanish: Dormilona fraile

M[uscisaxicola]. flavinucha


, 1855,



Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. f. flavinucha Lafresnaye, 1855 – N & C Chile (Antofagasta S to Colchagua) and W Argentina (Mendoza S to Santa Cruz).
  • M. f. brevirostris Olrog, 1949 – S Chile and S Argentina S to Tierra del Fuego.
  • Species winters N to N Peru (La Libertad) and W Bolivia.

    Descriptive notes

    18·5–20 cm. Large and long-winged ground-tyrant. Has white forehead and supercilium, pale ochre crown patch; rest of crown and upperparts pale brownish-grey; wings... read more


    Short high-pitched bursts, “tsee tee tsee tseet”.


    Stony slopes with little vegetation, near water; puna grassland and bogs. Mostly 2000... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Mainly terrestrial, making short runs and hops, stopping suddenly and standing erect; less frequently, sallies from the ground or... read more


    Oct–Feb; possibly double-brooded. During display, male flies high up with dangling legs, comes to a stall, then drops to ground. Nest... read more


    Migratory; spends austral winter (Mar–Sept) farther N, into Andes of W Bolivia and Peru.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common. One of the most abundant ground-tyrants in C Chile. Breeding range possibly slightly more extensive; scattered... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2020). Ochre-naped Ground-tyrant (Muscisaxicola flavinucha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2020).