Bolivia; error = “Santa Fe de Bogotá”, Colombia.
Sister-species to X. erythropygius#R, and sometimes regarded as conspecific; treatment as separate species supported by molecular evidence, vocalizations, apparent lack of intergradation, and elevational replacement where ranges approach (at most, very limited sympatry on W slope of Andes in SW Colombia and W Ecuador). Proposed race distinctus (W Andes of Colombia) included in nominate; hylodromus differs only slightly from nominate, but is geographically disjunct; intermedius intergrades in SE Peru with bangsi, from which it may not be reliably distinguishable. Four subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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