Forms a species-group with M. philippinus and M. persicus, molecular data further indicating that these three form a clade with M. apiaster and M. ornatus#R. The three have often been regarded as conspecific, and recent molecular study found low genetic divergence among them, arguably suggesting that subspecific rank may be more appropriate#R. Present species perhaps more closely related to M. philippinus, with which still frequently treated as conspecific, but differs significantly in some plumage characters; striking plumage differences from M. persicus. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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