Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Olive-capped Warbler (Setophaga pityophila)


French: Paruline à calotte verte German: Kubawaldsänger Spanish: Reinita coroniverde

Sylvia pityophila


, 1855,



Closely related to the S. dominica group, but generally not included within it as it is sympatric with S. flavescens in Bahamas. One study of mitochondrial DNA indicated that this species and S. pinus may be sister-taxa#R. Birds from Bahamas described as race bahamensis on basis of longer tail and other differences in morphology, and tend also to be darker, more plumbeous-grey on upperparts, yellower on forecrown, less heavily marked with black around yellow throat and breast, and greyer on flanks; possibly worthy of recognition, but further study required; recent study found relatively little genetic variation among populations. Monotypic.


N Bahamas (Grand Bahama, Little Abaco and Great Abaco) and W & E Cuba (Pinar del Río; Holguín, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo).

Descriptive notes

12·5–13 cm; 7·2–8·7 g. Most of crown yellowish olive, narrow yellow supra­loral line joins to upper part of eyering, rest of upperparts... read more


Song a variable series of rather shrill whistled notes, usually 7–9 in number (Cuba, at least... read more


Open pine (Pinus) forests and pine barrens; in highlands in Cuba.

Food and feeding

Little information. Probably feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods; in Bahamas regularly visits flowering heads of century plants (... read more


Season Mar–Jun. Nest a cup with some feathers in lining, placed 2–15 m up in pine tree, usually close to trunk; clutch two... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Cuba EBA and Bahamas EBA. No population estimates available; described as fairly common to... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2019). Olive-capped Warbler (Setophaga pityophila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 September 2019).