Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

Olomao (Myadestes lanaiensis)


French: Solitaire de Lanai German: Lanaiklarino Spanish: Solitario olomao

Phæornis lanaiensis

S. B. Wilson

, 1891,

Lanai, Hawaiian Islands


Formerly placed with M. obscurus and M. palmeri (and also extinct taxa †M. myadestinus and †M. woahensis) in a separate genus, Phaeornis; all were once regarded as conspecific, but differ/differed vocally. Nominate race extinct. Subspecies rutha possibly extinct. One (here presumed still extant) subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. l. lanaiensis (S. B. Wilson, 1891) – Lanai, in Hawaiian Is. Last seen in 1933#R.
  • M. l. rutha (Bryan, 1908) – Molokai, in Hawaiian Is; formerly also Maui. Last documented record in 1994; possibly extinct#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    16–18 cm. Nominate race is dull brown above, with white-stippled ear-coverts, pale buffish patches at base of secondaries and primaries; whitish-grey below, pale buff... read more


    Song on Molokai (rutha), given from dawn to dusk and into night, a long, beautiful,... read more


    Closed-canopy mesic and wet forest, originally at all elevations. In 20th century only in montane... read more

    Food and feeding

    Primarily fruit, to lesser extent insects and land snails. Only fruit documented was that of olapa; diet probably similar to that of M... read more


    Three inactive nests found on Molokai: bulky, loose cup of dried leaves, ferns, mosses, twigs and rootlets, two 25–30 m up in ohia... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Population on Maui extinct before arrival of ornithologists.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Olomao (Myadestes lanaiensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).