French: Solitaire de Lanai German: Lanaiklarino Spanish: Solitario olomao
S. B. Wilson
Lanai, Hawaiian Islands
Subspecies and Distribution
M. l. lanaiensis
(S. B. Wilson, 1891) – Lanai, in Hawaiian Is. Last seen in 1933#R.
M. l. rutha
(Bryan, 1908) – Molokai, in Hawaiian Is; formerly also Maui. Last documented record in 1994; possibly extinct#R.
16–18 cm. Nominate race is dull brown above, with white-stippled ear-coverts, pale buffish patches at base of secondaries and primaries; whitish-grey below, pale buff... read more
Song on Molokai (rutha), given from dawn to dusk and into night, a long, beautiful,... read more
Closed-canopy mesic and wet forest, originally at all elevations. In 20th century only in montane... read more
Food and feeding
Primarily fruit, to lesser extent insects and land snails. Only fruit documented was that of olapa; diet probably similar to that of M... read more
Three inactive nests found on Molokai: bulky, loose cup of dried leaves, ferns, mosses, twigs and rootlets, two 25–30 m up in ohia... read more
Status and conservation
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Population on Maui extinct before arrival of ornithologists.... read more
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