French: Solitaire d’Hawaï German: Hawaiiklarino Spanish: Solitario omao
J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
See M. lanaiensis. Monotypic.
Hawaii, in Hawaiian Is.
18–19·5 cm; 49–52 g. Has grey-brown head with vague pale stippling from lores to ear-coverts, upperparts olive-brown; pale grey below, with whitish vent... read more
Song, from exposed perch, by both sexes throughout year (male more than female in non-breeding... read more
Mesic and wet native forests above 1000 m, also (at lower densities) scrub and savanna, especially... read more
Food and feeding
Fruit, and lesser quantities of animal food. Plants used (fruits and berries, also flower bracts and flowers) include olapa, pukiawe, ohelo... read more
Jan to end Oct, mainly mid-Mar (and especially from May) to end Aug; often double-brooded, but considerable period between nesting events.... read more
Sedentary; no evidence of roaming in search of fruiting trees outside breeding season, but juvenile... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Hawai’i EBA. In 1890s abundant and widespread on Hawaii above 300 m; by mid-1970s only 25–30% of former range... read more
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