Family Thrushes (Turdidae)


Omao (Myadestes obscurus)


French: Solitaire d’Hawaï German: Hawaiiklarino Spanish: Solitario omao

Muscicapa obscura

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Hawaiian Archipelago


See M. lanaiensis. Monotypic.


Hawaii, in Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

18–19·5 cm; 49–52 g. Has grey-brown head with vague pale stippling from lores to ear-coverts, upperparts olive-brown; pale grey below, with whitish vent... read more


Song, from exposed perch, by both sexes throughout year (male more than female in non-breeding... read more


Mesic and wet native forests above 1000 m, also (at lower densities) scrub and savanna, especially... read more

Food and feeding

Fruit, and lesser quantities of animal food. Plants used (fruits and berries, also flower bracts and flowers) include olapa, pukiawe, ohelo... read more


Jan to end Oct, mainly mid-Mar (and especially from May) to end Aug; often double-brooded, but considerable period between nesting events.... read more


Sedentary; no evidence of roaming in search of fruiting trees outside breeding season, but juvenile... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Hawai’i EBA. In 1890s abundant and widespread on Hawaii above 300 m; by mid-1970s only 25–30% of former range... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Omao (Myadestes obscurus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 June 2019).