Family Manakins (Pipridae)


Opal-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix iris)


French: Manakin à tête d’opale German: Opalscheitelpipra Spanish: Saltarín opalescente

Pipra iris


, 1851,

“Guyana”; error = Belém, Pará, Brazil


Genetic study#R suggests that eucephala is not the closest relative of iris, but male advertising calls of the two taxa are “seemingly identical”#R; plumage differences are the green frons of male iris (score 1) and the vague blue crown of female eucephala (2). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. i. eucephala (Todd, 1928) – SW Pará (right bank of lower R Tapajós), in NC Brazil.
  • L. i. iris (Schinz, 1851) – E Pará (neighbourhood of Belém) E to NW Maranhão and S to upper R Xingu (Brazil).
  • Descriptive notes

    9 cm; female 7·8–9·5 g. Has notably heavy bill. Male nominate race has narrow green band on forehead, and shiny opalescent crown and nape; plumage... read more


    Male call a rather rapidly repeated “chi-wir”.


    Humid forest and mature secondary woodland; below c. 200 m.

    Food and feeding

    No data; probably similar to L. coronata.


    Female with fully formed egg in oviduct, Aug, in E Pará (Belém area). Male displays solitarily or at “exploded”... read more


    No information; presumably resident.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Poorly known species. Uncommon or rare to locally fairly common. Numbers undoubtedly reduced by deforestation within its limited range. Nominate found to be rare... read more

    Recommended citation

    Snow, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Opal-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix iris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).