Family Manakins (Pipridae)

Vulnerable

Opal-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix iris)


Taxonomy

French: Manakin à tête d’opale German: Opalscheitelpipra Spanish: Saltarín opalescente
Taxonomy:

Pipra iris

Schinz

, 1851,

“Guyana”; error = Belém, Pará, Brazil

.

Genetic study#R suggests that eucephala is not the closest relative of iris, but male advertising calls of the two taxa are “seemingly identical”#R; plumage differences are the green frons of male iris (score 1) and the vague blue crown of female eucephala (2). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. i. eucephala (Todd, 1928) – SW Pará (right bank of lower R Tapajós), in NC Brazil.
  • L. i. iris (Schinz, 1851) – E Pará (neighbourhood of Belém) E to NW Maranhão and S to upper R Xingu (Brazil).
  • Descriptive notes

    9 cm; female 7·8–9·5 g. Has notably heavy bill. Male nominate race has narrow green band on forehead, and shiny opalescent crown and nape; plumage... read more

    Voice

    Male call a rather rapidly repeated “chi-wir”.

    Habitat

    Humid forest and mature secondary woodland; below c. 200 m.

    Food and feeding

    No data; probably similar to L. coronata.

    Breeding

    Female with fully formed egg in oviduct, Aug, in E Pará (Belém area). Male displays solitarily or at “exploded”... read more

    Movements

    No information; presumably resident.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Poorly known species. Uncommon or rare to locally fairly common. Numbers undoubtedly reduced by deforestation within its limited range. Nominate found to be rare... read more

    Recommended citation

    Snow, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Opal-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix iris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57075 on 14 December 2018).