Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Critically Endangered

Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster)


Taxonomy

French: Perruche à ventre orange German: Goldbauchsittich Spanish: Periquito ventrinaranja
Taxonomy:

Psittacus chrysogaster

Latham

, 1790,

Tasmania

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Coastal SW Tasmania, breeding only in Melaleuca (formerly also in Birch’s Inlet)#R; migrates via King I to scattered places in coastal SE Australia (mainly from SE South Australia to S Victoria)#R.

Descriptive notes

20–21 cm; mean 42 g. Similar to N. chrysostoma but much less yellow in face, crown and upperparts bright green, orange belly patch obvious, and tail green... read more

Voice

Calls include short buzzy chatters, both when perched and on flushing. Also a high-pitched “tseet”... read more

Habitat

In breeding season, favoured sites are within 50 m of creekside or lagoon vegetation, where... read more

Food and feeding

Initially in summer, seeds of sedgeland plants such as Lepyrodia tasmanica and Restio complanatus, then seeds of ... read more

Breeding

Nov–Dec. Nest in hollows 8–25 m up in living Eucalyptus nitida or, less often, E. ovata. Eggs 3–6; in... read more

Movements

After breeding in SW Tasmania, birds move N in Mar–Apr through Bass Strait islands, notably... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES I. Restricted-range species, present in Tasmania EBA. Population in 1990s probably 120 pre-breeding and c. 170 post-breeding, but fewer than 50... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Christie, D.A., Sharpe, C.J. & Boesman, P. (2018). Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54527 on 21 June 2018).