French: Tohi à bec orange German: Goldschnabel-Buschammer Spanish: Cerquero piquinaranja
Subspecies and Distribution
A. a. saturatus
Cherrie, 1891 – Caribbean slope of SE Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca, NE Chiapas and Tabasco), N & C Guatemala (Petén, Alta Vera Paz and Izabal) and Belize.
A. a. rufidorsalis
Cassin, 1865 – Caribbean slope from Honduras S to extreme NW Panama.
A. a. aurantiirostris
Lafresnaye, 1847 – Pacific slope of Costa Rica and both slopes of Panama (E to Canal Zone).
A. a. strictocollaris
Todd, 1922 – E Panama and adjacent Colombia (N Chocó).
A. a. occidentalis
Hellmayr, 1911 – Pacific slope of W Colombia (S from middle Atrato Valley) and NW Ecuador.
A. a. erythrorhynchus
P. L. Sclater, 1855 – N Colombia in upper Sinú Valley, lower Cauca Valley and middle Magdalena Valley.
A. a. spectabilis
P. L. Sclater, 1855 – SE Colombia (Putumayo) S through E Ecuador to NC Peru (Huánuco).
A. a. santarosae
Chapman, 1925 – SW Ecuador S from Chimbo Valley and extreme NW Peru (Tumbes).
14·5–16·5 cm; mean 34·5 g (Costa Rica). Medium-sized, chunky sparrow with stout bill. Nominate race has black head, including chin and malar area, with grey median... read more
Song on Caribbean slope high-pitched and thin, “ts’ seew ts’seew seeew seer”, with alternating... read more
Occupies undergrowth of dense tropical rainforest, forest edge, also guamil (abandoned cultivation... read more
Food and feeding
Few data available. Diet includes a variety of insects and seeds. Forages on and near ground. Unobtrusive.
Season Feb–Sept in Costa Rica, May–Oct in Panama, and Jan–May in Colombia. Nest a bulky domed or oven-shaped structure with side entrance,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Status not well known owing to the species’ elusive nature. Apparently fairly common to common in appropriate habitat. Thought to be an important... read more
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