Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Orange-breasted Forest-robin (Stiphrornis erythrothorax)


Taxonomy

French: Rougegorge de forêt German: Orangebrust-Waldrötel Spanish: Petirrojo selvático dorsipardo
Taxonomy:

Stiphrornis erythrothorax

Hartlaub

, 1855,

Dabocrom

.

Hitherto treated as conspecific with S. xanthogaster but differs in characters given under that species; S. pyrrholaemus has also been lumped with present species but again differs in characters given under that species. Race gabonensis differs from nominate in its dark grey vs olive-brown crown to tail (2); and looser song phrases (2), with slightly longer notes (1)#R. Races dahomeyensis and inexpectatus, described very recently as phylogenetic species, have not been scored but morphological differences are obviously rather minor, although at least one of them might differ vocally from nominate race#R; genetic data clearly place both subspecies within same clade as nominate race and gabonensis, while simultaneously suggesting incomplete lineage sorting W of Nigeria. Further study of differences, and of (what happens) where the taxa meet, needed. Four subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. e. erythrothorax Hartlaub, 1855 – Western Forest-robin – Sierra Leone E to S Nigeria (range discontinuous).
  • S. e. inexpectatus Voelker et al., 2016 – Ghana Forest-robin – SW Ghana (Central and Brong-Ahafo Regions)#R.
  • S. e. dahomeyensis Voelker et al., 2016 – Dahomey Forest-robin – Central Region, S Ghana (Assin Foso), Togo#R and Benin (Lama Forest).
  • S. e. gabonensis Sharpe, 1883 – Gabon Forest-robin – W Cameroon S to NW Gabon (probably S to R Ogooué), also Bioko.
  • Descriptive notes

    11–13 cm; 14·5–20 g (nominate), 12·5–15·4 g (inexpectatus), 15–18 g (dahomeyensis). Small and short-tailed.... read more

    Voice

    Song involves duetting between pair-members, male giving sharp trills and whistles, female rasping... read more

    Habitat

    Understorey and, to lesser extent, middle levels of primary lowland forest, regenerating forest,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small insects and their larvae, including beetles, ants, termites, caterpillars and parasitic wasps. Forages mainly on ground or below 2 m... read more

    Breeding

    Breeding-condition birds Apr and Jun–Oct and juveniles Apr and Aug–Sept in Liberia; fledged young Jun in Ivory Coast; Feb, Aug and Oct in... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary, seeming to disperse very little from natal area. In Liberia may move towards water in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Potentially threatened by deforestation. Frequent to locally abundant; common in Liberia, parts of Ivory Coast, S Ghana (where known... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Orange-breasted Forest-robin (Stiphrornis erythrothorax). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58428 on 26 August 2019).