Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Orange Bullfinch (Pyrrhula aurantiaca)


French: Bouvreuil orangé German: Goldrückengimpel Spanish: Camachuelo anaranjado

Pyrrhula aurantiaca


, 1858,





N Pakistan (Chitral and Gilgit) E to N Kashmir, in NW Himalayas; in winter also NW India (Himachal Pradesh, recorded in Uttarakhand).

Descriptive notes

14 cm; 17–22 g. Relatively small bullfinch with short, curved bill and slightly notched tail. Male has forehead to lores, cheek and chin black, forecrown to nape and... read more


Song a loud "tew" followed by a rapidly repeated metallic trisyllabic "tyatlinka-tlinka"; also has... read more


Lower montane and submontane fir (Abies) and pine (Pinus) forests or mixed fir... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly hard-shelled seeds, buds, berries and shoots of trees and larger herbaceous shrubs, including buds and catkins of birch, willow (... read more


Season late May to early Aug; probably two broods. Pairs form from break-up of winter flocks, by early May. Nest built by female, a cup of... read more


Partial altitudinal migrant. Descends to lower levels and moves slightly S of breeding range in non... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in Western Himalayas EBA. Common to very common; scarce and local in N Pakistan. Rare visitor in Himachal Pradesh.

Recommended citation

Clement, P. (2020). Orange Bullfinch (Pyrrhula aurantiaca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).