Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Orange-crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata)


French: Paruline verdâtre German: Orangefleck-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita coroninaranja

Sylvia celatus


, 1822,

#R, “Engineer Cantonment, near Council Bluffs” = Omaha, Nebraska, USA


Has hybridized with L. ruficapilla#R. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. c. celata (Say, 1822) – Alaska and NW & S Canada (E to Quebec); migrates to wintering area mainly in SE USA, smaller numbers S to E Mexico and Guatemala.
  • L. c. orestera (Oberholser, 1905) – W Canada (SW Yukon, interior British Columbia E to SE Saskatchewan) and S in Rockies to SW USA (Arizona and New Mexico); migrates mainly to C Mexico.
  • L. c. lutescens (Ridgway, 1872) – N British Columbia and S in W USA to C California; winters mainly SW USA and W Mexico.
  • L. c. sordida (C. H. Townsend, 1890) – coastal S California and extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California), including offshore islands.
  • Descriptive notes

    11·5–13 cm; 7·3–11·6 g. A rather dull parulid, with variable orange crown patch (seldom visible in the field). Male nominate race is greyish... read more


    Song a variable trill, usually dropping in pitch and volume towards end. Usual call a hard, sharp... read more


    Breeds in open deciduous or mixed woodlands, tall shrubby areas, riparian scrub and brushy thickets... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on insects and other invertebrates, e.g. spiders (Araneae), in summer; also takes some berries and fruit in winter, when sometimes... read more


    Season Apr–Jul; race sordida may lay as early as late Mar. Nest a cup of grasses, bark shreds and mosses, lined with fine... read more


    Race sordida is resident or a short-distance migrant; those on offshore islands often move... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally abundant in W, particularly along Pacific coast (lutescens); much less common in boreal forests and E Canada (... read more

    Recommended citation

    Curson, J. (2020). Orange-crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).