Dumont de Sainte Croix, 1823,
Amboina; error = Lombok.
Listed name “M. affinis” now known to be synonymous with present species#R. Formerly included in M. freycinet. Complex internal taxonomy, still poorly understood. Suggestion that macgillivrayi may be a hybrid form between present species and M. eremita#R requires investigation. Variation within Australian populations is slight and clinal, possibly warranting recognition of only one race, rather than three; proposed race melvillensis (Melville I) subsumed within tumulus. Birds of Aru Is and those of New Guinea have been awarded separate races, respectively aruensis and duperryii, but rarely accepted. Proposed race perrufus of Peleng (Banggai Is) has sometimes been included in present species, but almost certainly belongs in M. bernsteinii, and in any case of dubious validity. Despite extensive range, including many small, remote islands, subspecific differences are rather slight#R. Five subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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