Family New World Barbets (Capitonidae)

Near Threatened

Orange-fronted Barbet (Capito squamatus)


French: Cabézon à nuque blanche German: Weißnacken-Bartvogel Spanish: Cabezón escamoso

Capito squamatus


, 1876,

Santa Rita, Ecuador


Genetic data#R indicate that this species and C. maculicoronatus (which see) are sister-taxa. Perhaps distantly related to C. hypoleucus. Monotypic.


Extreme SW Colombia (SW Nariño) and W Ecuador (S to El Oro).

Descriptive notes

16–18 cm; 56–64 g. Sturdy-billed, chunky, white-capped, largely black and white barbet. Male with orange to red frontal patch, white crown, variably brown nape;... read more


Song low-pitched, very fast, soft, purring trill to c. 4 seconds; call a noisy, single or double... read more


Inhabits wet lowland and hill forest, commonly ranging into secondary forest, forest edge, nearby... read more

Food and feeding

Diverse fruits and berries, including Cecropia species and Castilla elastica; also beetles and probably other insects.... read more


Jul–Sept, probably earlier as well. Occasionally several males sing alternately from close to a female. Nest, eggs and other aspects... read more


Resident and probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. ­Restricted-range species: present in Chocó EBA. One of the least well-known barbets. No information... read more

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. & Horne, J.F.M. (2019). Orange-fronted Barbet (Capito squamatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 June 2019).