French: Grive à tête orange German: Damadrossel Spanish: Zorzal citrino
Subspecies and Distribution
G. c. citrina
(Latham, 1790) – Himalayas from NE Pakistan (Murree Hills) E to NE India and W & N Myanmar; non-breeding S India and Sri Lanka.
G. c. cyanota
(Jardine & Selby, 1828) – C & S India.
G. c. gibsonhilli
Deignan, 1950 – C & SE Myanmar, SW Thailand; non-breeding Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.
G. c. innotata
(Blyth, 1846) – S China (W & S Yunnan), E Myanmar, N Thailand, NW & S Indochina; non-breeding Peninsular Malaysia.
G. c. melli
(Stresemann, 1923) – S China (S Guizhou, Guangxi, N Guangdong, Fujian).
G. c. courtoisi
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1919) – Anhui (E China).
G. c. aurimacula
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1910) – C Indochina and Hainan.
G. c. andamanensis
(Walden, 1874) – Andaman Is.
G. c. albogularis
(Blyth, 1847) – Nicobar Is.
G. c. aurata
(Sharpe, 1888) – N Borneo (Mt Kinabalu and Mt Trus Madi, Crocker Range).
G. c. rubecula
(Gould, 1836) – Java and Bali.
20–23 cm; 47–67 g. Shy, crepuscular. Male nominate race is dull pale orange with vaguely mottled matt and glossy grey mantle to wings and tail (glossy parts... read more
Song (nominate) loud, rich, melodious, varied series of short, cohesive phrases involving slurred... read more
Understorey of moist deciduous forest and evergreen forest, mixed secondary and bamboo thickets,... read more
Food and feeding
Insects (including termites), earthworms, leeches, slugs, snails, berries, fruit, grass seed; especially figs in winter in Peninsular... read more
Breeds Apr–Jun (seemingly also Jul–Aug) in Himalayas, May–Sept elsewhere in India; generally May–Oct in SE Asia but... read more
Nominate race migratory except in S Assam hills, wintering over Indian Peninsula; passes through Pt... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Very local and scarce in Pakistan, breeds only in Margalla Hills. Uncommon to rare in China, including Hainan. Fairly scarce resident throughout... read more
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