Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Orange-tufted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera flammifera)


French: Arachnothère flammé German: Gelbsteiß-Spinnenjäger Spanish: Arañero filipino

Arachnothera flammifera


, 1878,

southern Leyte


Until recently considered conspecific with A. longirostra and A. dilutior, but differs from latter in characters given under that species, while differs from former in its smaller size (effect size for bill vs geographically closest A. l. buettikoferi –6.72, score 3; race randi larger but n=2); pale grey vs whitish throat (2); pale grey breast with white mid-belly vs yellow breast and belly (3); flame-orange vs vaguely orange-tinged yellow (shade darker than breast) pectoral tufts (3); and higher-pitched song (maximum frequency 6.2–7.2 kHz vs all other recorded races 4.1–5.5; at least 2)#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. f. flammifera Tweeddale, 1878 – E & S Philippines (Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Bohol, Dinagat, Mindanao).
  • A. f. randi Salomonsen, 1953 – Basilan (off W Mindanao).
  • Descriptive notes

    13·3 cm; male 10·5–13·6 g, female 8·7–10·8 g. Very long, stout, gently decurved bill. Adult nominate race has plumage washed olive-green above, crown feathers dark-centred,... read more


    Not well known compared to formerly conspecific A. longirostra, but a sharp “weechoo” or “... read more


    Mostly found in the understorey of forest, forest edge, second growth and cultivated areas,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Very few data. Diet undescribed, but presumably similar to that of formerly conspecific A. longirostra. Forages singly and in... read more


    Almost nothing known; birds in breeding condition collected on Bohol in Apr and May.


    Presumably resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: confined to the Mindanao and the Eastern Visayas EBA. Generally uncommon, but apparently rare on Bohol,... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Orange-tufted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera flammifera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 August 2019).