Sri Lanka and Java.
Often considered conspecific with A. rufa and A. novaehollandiae. Less sexually dimorphic in plumage than either of these species and differs in plumage features#R; these differences include having more a conspicuous white line around the eye; the head and hind-neck are speckled dusky, straw and fawn; the pale cheek stripe is narrower and extends further, halfway down the neck; male throat is extensively white spotted black; male neck is midbrown spotted dusky, not black or rufous; dorsal shaft streaks are bright whitish grey, brighter than in the other two species. Monotypic.
Pakistan (mainly Indus Valley), India and Sri Lanka E to mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi and W Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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