Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Orinocan Saltator (Saltator orenocensis)


Taxonomy

French: Saltator de l’Orénoque German: Zimtflankensaltator Spanish: Pepitero del Orinoco
Taxonomy:

Saltator orenocensis

Lafresnaye

, 1846,

mouth of the Orinoco, Venezuela

.

Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. o. rufescens Todd, 1912 – NE Colombia (Guajira Peninsula E from Santa Marta) and W Vene­zuela (N & SE Zulia E to N Lara and C Falcón).
  • S. o. orenocensis Lafresnaye, 1846 – Venezuela E of Andes from Cojedes and W Apure E to W Sucre and S Monagas, to S bank of R Orinoco in N Bolívar and S Delta Amacuro) and NE Colombia (Arauca, N Vichada).
  • Descriptive notes

    18·5–19 cm; average 33·7 g (six birds from Venezuela). Nominate has lores, face, ear-coverts and malar region black, long white supercilium extending past ear-coverts; crown... read more

    Voice

    Song a loud, rollicking series of notes, often given by more than one bird, perhaps antiphonally, “... read more

    Habitat

    Inhabits dry deciduous woodland and brush, including well-vegetated suburban areas, mesic... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet predominantly vegetable, with some insects. Recorded items include flowers, fruits (in the wild, fruits of Annona jahni and... read more

    Breeding

    Few data. In Venezuela, single nests found in May and mid-Jun in Orinoco region and birds in breeding condition in May in Guárico. Nest... read more

    Movements

    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common in suitable habitat in parts of range. Reports of presence in Trinidad erroneous.

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2018). Orinocan Saltator (Saltator orenocensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62201 on 23 September 2018).