French: Saltator de l’Orénoque German: Zimtflankensaltator Spanish: Pepitero del Orinoco
mouth of the Orinoco, Venezuela.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
S. o. rufescens
Todd, 1912 – NE Colombia (Guajira Peninsula E from Santa Marta) and W Venezuela (N & SE Zulia E to N Lara and C Falcón).
S. o. orenocensis
Lafresnaye, 1846 – Venezuela E of Andes from Cojedes and W Apure E to W Sucre and S Monagas, to S bank of R Orinoco in N Bolívar and S Delta Amacuro) and NE Colombia (Arauca, N Vichada).
18·5–19 cm; average 33·7 g (six birds from Venezuela). Nominate has lores, face, ear-coverts and malar region black, long white supercilium extending past ear-coverts; crown... read more
Song a loud, rollicking series of notes, often given by more than one bird, perhaps antiphonally, “... read more
Inhabits dry deciduous woodland and brush, including well-vegetated suburban areas, mesic... read more
Food and feeding
Diet predominantly vegetable, with some insects. Recorded items include flowers, fruits (in the wild, fruits of Annona jahni and... read more
Few data. In Venezuela, single nests found in May and mid-Jun in Orinoco region and birds in breeding condition in May in Guárico. Nest... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common in suitable habitat in parts of range. Reports of presence in Trinidad erroneous.
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