Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Oriole Blackbird (Gymnomystax mexicanus)


French: Carouge loriot German: Gelbbauchstärling Spanish: Chango oriolino

O[riolus]. mexicanus


, 1766,

Mexico; error = French Guiana




N, NE & WC Venezuela S through E Colombia (E of Andes) and an isolated spot in Cauca Valley; also NE Guyana and extreme N Brazil (Roraima); and Amazonia from E Ecuador, NE Peru (S to Ucayali) and extreme SE Colombia (Leticia, in extreme SE Amazonas) E along R Amazon (S to lower R Tapajós and lower R Tocantins) to Amapá, Marajó I and Mexiana I (Brazil), and French Guiana.

Descriptive notes

Male average 30·5 cm, 93·5 g; female average 27 cm, 92 g. Dis­tinctive, large, bright icterid. Head and under­parts are bright chrome-yellow, upperparts and tail... read more


Most vocali­zations are screechy, rasping and unmusical. Song, by both sexes, variable, usually... read more


In Orinoco Basin (the llanos) found in savannas with scattered trees, tall grasslands and... read more

Food and feeding

Almost omnivorous. Diet arthropods, including spiders (Araneae), crickets (Gryllidae) and caterpillars (Lepidoptera), also small... read more


Season May–Jun in Venezuela, Feb in SE Colombia and Mar in Peru. Probably monogamous. Solitary breeder. Nest built by both sexes, mostly by... read more


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common in most of range. Rare in Guyana, from where few recent records; discovered only recently (1980s) in N Brazil (Roraima). Reported also in W... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Oriole Blackbird (Gymnomystax mexicanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).