French: Paruline couronnée German: Pieperwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita hornera
“on the coast of Hispaniola, about ten leagues [c. 56 km] from land“
Subspecies and Distribution
S. a. aurocapilla
(Linnaeus, 1766) – S Canada (S Northwest Territories and NE British Columbia E to S Quebec and Nova Scotia) and S in E USA to NW Arkansas and N Georgia; migrates to non-breeding grounds in region from S Texas and Florida S through Central America to Panama and in Caribbean, occasionally S to N Colombia and Venezuela.
S. a. cinereus
A. H. Miller, 1942 – lower E slope of Rocky Mts and adjacent Great Plains, from S Alberta and Montana S to Colorado; migrates to W Central America.
S. a. furvior
Batchelder, 1918 – Newfoundland, in SE Canada; migrates mainly to Cuba, Bahamas and E Central America.
15 cm; 15·4–26 g. Distinctive, largely terrestrial parulid with characteristic head-bobbing, tail-flicking gait. Nominate race has dark olive-green... read more
Typical song a series of 8–10 loud, emphatic double notes rising in volume and usually also... read more
Breeds in mature deciduous and mixed forest with dense understorey, also in jack pine (Pinus... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods, including snails (Gastropoda), spiders (Araneae) and earthworms (Lumbricidae), also some... read more
Season May–Jul, egg-laying mainly May–Jun; single-brooded, but one record of male raising a second brood. Polyandry recorded,... read more
Medium-distance to long-distance migrant. Leaves breeding grounds from late Jul, mostly during late... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally common throughout range. Steady decline recorded, at least in E, since late 1970s, Breeding Bird Survey results showing 1% annual decline... read more
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