Family Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)

Least Concern

Palau Cicadabird (Edolisoma monacha)


Taxonomy

French: Échenilleur des Palau German: Palauraupenfänger Spanish: Oruguero de Palaos
Taxonomy:

Campephaga monacha

Hartlaub and Finsch

, 1872,

Palau Islands

.

Until recently considered conspecific with E. tenuirostre, but differs from all taxa in that complex (here split from HBW arrangement into nine species) in its very small size (allow 4); scalier rump in female (2) except against E. nesiotis and E. remotum heinrothi (discounting variable vague grey scaling in E. t. tenuirostre); and fairly distinctive call, a mellow upslurred whistle (2)#R. This last is shared with E. nesiotis, from which it differs in its smaller size (4); blacker plumage in male (1); much less rusty ground colour in female (2); barring all across underparts in female (2); and less extensive vocabulary (1). Differs from E. r. heinrothi in its small size (4); much more spaced barring on female below, with chin plain (2); and voice (2). Name monacha is a noun, and thus invariable#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Palau Is (Babelthuap to Peleliu).

Descriptive notes

24 cm; 30 g (one male). A relatively long-tailed and narrow-bodied cicadabird with a comparatively long bill. Adult male is largely very dark slate-grey, with even blacker... read more

Voice

The only well-documented vocalization is a quiet and thus easily overlooked, upslurred whistle,... read more

Habitat

Generally inhabits dense forest, particularly mangroves, and sometimes at edges and in low scrubby... read more

Food and feeding

Very few published data. Forages at woodland edges, either by catching airborne insects on the wing by straight flights from a high perch,... read more

Breeding

Virtually nothing known, although family groups have been reported in Nov.

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: confined to Palau EBA. Was considered uncommon on all islands within species’ range in the 1940s and 1970s... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Palau Cicadabird (Edolisoma monacha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1343779 on 16 December 2017).