Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Palau Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus pelewensis)


French: Ptilope des Palau German: Palaufruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo de las Palau

Ptilinopus pelewensis

Hartlaub and Finsch

, 1868,

Palau Islands


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see); within this, forms part of the subgroup centred on P. porphyraceus (which see); has sometimes been considered conspecific with an expanded P. porphyraceus, but genetic data place it closest to P. richardsii and P. roseicapilla#R. Monotypic.


Palau Is (Babelthuap S to Angaur).

Descriptive notes

23–25 cm; 93 g. Differs from P. porphyraceus most notably in colour of undertail-coverts. Dark purple cap with a yellow posterior border; rest of head, nape... read more


Quite vocal, including at night. Advertising call is a rhythmic cooing phrase, starting with 2–3... read more


Occurs in a variety of forest habitats.

Food and feeding

Frugivorous; gizzard of a collected bird contained the unbroken fruits of Pinanga insignis. Feeds primarily in the canopy, but... read more


Nesting recorded in Sept; a frail platform of twigs, placed in tree or shrub. Clutch 1 white egg.


No information.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). One of the most abundant birds on all the major islands of Palau; its numbers were estimated at over 45,000 birds in 1991. It is... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Palau Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus pelewensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).