Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)


Palawan Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron napoleonis)


French: Éperonnier napoléon German: Napoleonpfaufasan Spanish: Espolonero de Palawan

Polyplectrum [sic] Napoleonis


, 1831,

India; error = Palawan


Long known as P. emphanum, but napoleonis has priority#R. Has been considered closely related to P. malacense and P. schleiermacheri#R, but fuller molecular analysis required#R. Birds with white supercilia have sometimes been listed as race nehrkornae, but amount of white in supercilium apparently varies throughout range#R, with some authors attributing the variation (from full and joined at the rear, through partial, to completely lacking) to polymorphism, with N population possessing a full white superciliary stripe but birds in SE Palawan lacking it#R. Monotypic.


Palawan I, in SW Philippines.

Descriptive notes

Male c. 50 cm (tail 24–25 cm), c. 436 g; female c. 40 cm (tail 16·5–17 cm), c. 322 g. Male markedly different from all congenerics; long, pointed crest,... read more


A harsh, rasping, explosive screech “kreeetch!” repeated at intervals. Also several clucking sounds... read more


Primary and secondary forest in rolling terrain. Traditionally said to be restricted to coastal... read more

Food and feeding

No information available.


No information from the wild. In captivity: clutch of two rosy to buff-white eggs; incubation 18–20 days, by female only; chicks have... read more


No information available.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Mace-Lande: endangered. CITES I. Restricted range; occurs in Palawan Island Endemic Bird Area. Little, if any, forest remains in level lowlands, certainly on E... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Palawan Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron napoleonis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).