Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Palawan Spiderhunter (Arachnothera dilutior)


Taxonomy

French: Arachnothère pâle German: Palawanspinnenjäger Spanish: Arañero de Palawan
Taxonomy:

Arachnothera dilutior

Sharpe

, 1876,

Palawan

.

Until recently considered conspecific with A. longirostra and A. flammifera, but split indicated by genetic analysis#R#R. Differs from former in its shorter but also deeper and seemingly darker bill (effect size vs A. l. buettikoferi –2.45, score 2); longer tail (effect size 2.49, score 2); dark vs whitish lores and distinct dark moustachial stripe (3); bold yellow eyering (3); pale grey vs bright pale yellow breast to vent (3); pale grey vs whitish throat (ns[2]); and stronger yellow edges on secondaries (ns[1]). Differs from A. flammifera (comparing larger A. f. randi) in its larger overall size, with longer, thicker bill (vs nominate flammifera effect size 9.1, score 3; race randi larger but n=2); longer tail (effect size 6.6, score 3, although randi larger) blackish vs grey lores and distinct dark moustachial line (2); bold yellow eyering (3); and grey vs yellow belly (3). Monotypic.

Distribution:

Palawan, in W Philippine Is.

Descriptive notes

15·2 cm; 10·5 g. Very long, stout, gently decurved bill. Adult has olive-brown crown, sides of head grey, lores brown, short blackish submoustachial streak; upperparts olive... read more

Voice

Almost nothing known.

Habitat

Mostly found in the understorey of forest, forest edge, second growth and cultivated areas,... read more

Food and feeding

Very few data. Diet undescribed, but presumably similar to that of formerly conspecific A. longirostra. Forages singly and in... read more

Breeding

No information.

Movements

Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: confined to the Palawan EBA. Fairly conspicuous and common. Occurs in St Paul Subterranean River National... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Palawan Spiderhunter (Arachnothera dilutior). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1344086 on 19 September 2019).