no locality = Ecuador.
Usually considered conspecific with P. torquatus and P. sanguineus, but differs from former in its whitish (vs black) lower mandible (except tip) (3); upper mandible with reduced (or rarely no) black stripe down culmen, long black line above cutting edge, and yellow tip (3); 8–9 shallow (vs 5–6 deep) tomial teeth (3); lack of narrow chestnut nuchal collar (2). Differs from sanguineus in whitish (vs black) lower mandible (except tip) (3); reduced (or rarely no) black stripe down culmen (1); longer bill and wing (effect size for wing 1.62, score 1) but shorter tail (effect size –0.82, score 1) (2); also, hybrid zone in NW Ecuador#R (2). Monotypic.
W Ecuador; recently recorded in extreme NW Peru (Tumbes).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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