Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Pale-legged Hornero (Furnarius leucopus)


French: Fournier variable German: Blassfußtöpfer Spanish: Hornero paticlaro

Furnarius leucopus


, 1838,



See F. torridus. Until recently considered conspecific with F. cinnamomeus and F. longirostris. Race tricolor has sometimes been treated as a separate species. Race araguaiae, described from just a few specimens from few localities, may represent only intergradation between tricolor and assimilis; further analysis required. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. l. leucopus Swainson, 1838 – N Brazil (R Negro, R Branco) and SW Guyana.
  • F. l. tricolor Giebel, 1868 – E Peru (Amazonas S to Puno) and W Brazil (E to W Pará) S to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz); recorded once in SE Ecuador (Morona-Santiago)#R.
  • F. l. araguaiae O. M. O. Pinto & Camargo, 1952 – SC Brazil (R Araguaia and R das Mortes in W Tocantins, E Mato Grosso, possibly also W Goiás).
  • F. l. assimilis Cabanis & Heine, 1860 – #RE & S Brazil (Maranhão E to Pernambuco, S to Bahia and Mato Grosso do Sul) and extreme SE Bolivia (SE Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    17–18 cm; 37–43·1 g (nominate), 40·2–49 g (tricolor). Large, richly coloured ovenbird with fairly long and nearly straight bill;... read more


    A series of loud, explosive, piercing, staccato notes, decelerates and descends in pitch, lasts 6... read more


    Second-growth scrub, pastures/agricultural land; a variety of semi-open habitats with bare soil:... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods and other invertebrates; recorded items are termites (Isoptera), ants, Coleoptera (Curculionidae), lepidopteran larvae, and... read more


    Eggs and nestlings in Nov in E Peru. Presumably monogamous. Nest an “adobe oven” 18–21 cm high, length 29 cm, with an... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to very common. Just one record in Ecuador. Occurs in several protected areas, including Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone, in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr, de Juana, E. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Pale-legged Hornero (Furnarius leucopus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).