Has no obvious close relatives; one proposal is that it may be intermediate in some respects between the P. fasciata and P. flavirostris groups. Subspecific distribution in Venezuela unclear, and races andersoni and tobagensis sometimes rejected (claimed differences may be inconstant), with W populations being ascribed to pallidicrissa and E ones to cayennensis#R; birds of N Venezuela sometimes separated as race obsoleta. Species formerly listed as Columba rufina. Seven subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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