French: Merle cul-blanc German: Blasssteißdrossel Spanish: Zorzal ventripálido
Panama Rail Road on Atlantic side of the Isthmus of Panama
Subspecies and Distribution
T. o. obsoletus
Lawrence, 1862 – Caribbean slope of Costa Rica S to Panama and NW Colombia.
T. o. parambanus
E. J. O. Hartert, 1920 – W Colombia and W Ecuador.
T. o. colombianus
E. J. O. Hartert & Hellmayr, 1901 – E slope of W Andes of Colombia.
21·5–23 cm; 61–82 g. Nominate race is dark rufous-brown above, paler brown below, with dark-streaked whitish chin, whitish mid-belly to vent, pale... read more
Song a fairly fast melodious and sustained caroling from hidden perch high in canopy; in Costa Rica... read more
Lower growth, subcanopy and mid-canopy inside humid and wet foothill and lower subtropical forest,... read more
Food and feeding
Fruits of palms and Lauraceae, arillate seeds, berries of many kinds, and invertebrates. Essentially arboreal, foraging in trees; sometimes... read more
Apr–May in Costa Rica and Apr in Colombia. Nest a large bulky bowl of fibres, with mud in foundation, green moss externally, lined... read more
Few detected, but at least part of population probably undertakes seasonal altitudinal movements... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Mostly rare to uncommon; common in Costa Rica. Uncommon and seemingly local on both slopes in Panama. Uncommon and perhaps local in Colombia. In... read more
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